This is a list containing some of the most current Ohio suicide statistics and resources. OSPF has highlighted a few key statistics below and provided links which will take individuals to in-depth Ohio data sources which they can access free of charge. You will see that most of the data below is from the year 2015. There is always a lag in statistics (approximately 2-3 years) before data can become finalized and published.
1. Ohio Violent Death Reporting System (OH-VDRS)
The 2015 OH-VDRS provides detailed Ohio suicide death statistics broken down into many different demographics varying from age, sex, location, education, drug & alcohol toxicology results, methods, and much more.
Data summaries are compiled by analyzing vital statistics data, county-wide coroner data, state & local law enforcement data, and Child Fatality Review data (younger than 18 years old). OH-VDRS data is a valuable resource to consider when assessing the local needs of suicide prevention efforts and while measuring program effectiveness.
Click the link to access the 2015 OH-VDRS: https://www.odh.ohio.gov/health/vipp/ohvdrs.aspx
Highlights from the 2015 OH-VDRS:
In 2015, 2,483 violent deaths occurred among Ohio residents, an increase of nearly 12 percent compared to 2014. The most common manner of death was suicide (65 percent) followed by homicide (26 percent)*.
- There were 1,605 suicide deaths by OH residents in 2015.
- In 2015, the Ohio suicide rate was 13.5 deaths per 100,000 individuals (U.S. rate was 13.3 per 100,000).
- In 2015, the age-adjusted suicide rate for males (22.0 per 100,000) was 4 times the rate for females (5.5 per 100,000), and the age-adjusted rate for whites (14.9 per 100,000) was more than twice the rate for African Americans (7.0 per 100,000). The age-adjusted suicide rate in 2015 for Hispanics (4.9 per 100,000) was lower than for whites and African Americans.
- In 2015, the majority of Ohio suicide deaths occurred in adult men (roughly 78% of all Ohio deaths by suicide).
- The highest Ohio suicide rate occurs in older adult men: Those 75+ have a suicide rate of 41.7 deaths per 100,000.
- Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death in youth and young adults (10-24).
- On average, 187 youth die by suicide every year in Ohio.
- Among the counties with adequate data in 2015, the highest age-adjusted rates of suicide occurred in Guernsey (27.4 per 100,000) and Champaign (27.1) counties; whereas the lowest rates occurred in Clermont (7.9) and Delaware (7.4) counties**.
*Violent deaths = deaths due to homicide, suicide, legal intervention, undetermined intent, unintentional firearm, and terrorist attacks
**Counties with less than 10 deaths due to suicide in a given year are not assigned suicide rates for that year.
2. The Ohio Public Data Warehouse
The Ohio Public Data Warehouse allows users to download real-time data on suicide and other types of deaths per county by method, demographics, type, and more. This data can help coalitions and community organizations plan, monitor, and evaluate local suicide prevention efforts.
Note: Mortality data from 2017 and onward is considered preliminary, as data can still be added, edited, or removed from the warehouse as updates to the system occur. Data from before 2017 is considered finalized and sealed.
Click the link to access the Ohio Public Data Warehouse: http://publicapps.odh.ohio.gov/EDW/DataCatalog
Click here to watch OSPF's webinar featuring Luke Werhan, MPA, Program Manager of the OVDRS for visual directions on how to access and utilize mortality data in the Public Health Data Warehouse:
3. The Ohio Behavioral Health Barometer
The Ohio Behavioral Health Barometer is an annual report released by SAMHSA which highlights current trends in state-level adult and youth mental health. These indicators were measured through the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services, and the Uniform Reporting System.
Click the link to access the Ohio Behavioral Health Barometer, Volume 4: https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/Ohio_BHBarometer_Volume_4.pdf
Highlights from the Ohio Behavioral Health Barometer, Volume 4:
- From 2014-2015, over 1,757,900 Ohio adults lived with a mental illness, but only 47% of those adults (roughly 828,000) received any mental health services.
- In Ohio, 4.6% of all adults 18 and older (408,000 adults) in 2014-2015 had serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.